By the late period of Egyptian history, the scribes of Egypt used 3 distinct scripts in their writing: hieroglyphics, hieratic, and demotic. This was influence by Alexander the Great who left his Hellenistic influence and the Ptolemies to reign over the land of Kemet.Alexander was the King of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire which is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times. He was inspiration for later conquerors such as Hannibal the Carthaginian, the Romans Pompey and Caesar, and Napoleon. He enter Egypt in the beginning of 331 BC. The Persian satrap surrendered and the Macedonians were welcomed by the Egyptians as liberators for they had despise living under Persian rule for almost two centuries. In the middle of 331 BC he returned back to Tyre after taking dangerous trips across the desert to visit the great temple and oracle of Amon-Ra, the Egyptian god of the sun, whom the Greeks and Macedonians identified with Zeus Ammon.
Hieroglyphic was the earliest form of Egyptian script and longest-lived. Unlike English, it consists of pictures and symbols. The Ancient Egyptians called their script "mdju netjer" or "words of god."
Hieratic is an adaptation of the hieroglyphic script. The signs were simplified to make their writing quicker. It was the administrative and business script throughout most of its history. Many documents were recorded such as, literary, scientific and religious nature. It was usually used on papyrus rolls or sheets, and sometimes even on bits of pottery or stone ostraca.
Demotic comes from Greek, meaning “popular script”; by the hellenistic period of the Ptolemies. It was the only native script in general daily use and very cursive script. Demotic texts were generally administrative, legal and commercial, there were also a few literary compositions as well as scientific and religious texts. For instance, the Rosetta Stone contains a section inscribed in demotic along with hieroglyphic and Greek.